SolarCity Accused of Taking Shingled-Cell Module Secrets

SolarCity Corp., the rooftop solar developer controlled by Elon Musk, was accused of misappropriating trade secrets and other intellectual property in a lawsuit over the development of shingled-cell solar modules.

SolarCity got a head start in developing the modules after Cogenra Solar Inc. shared its shingling technology for manufacturing solar panels, according to a lawsuit filed Monday in San Francisco federal court. The suit also names SolarCitys Silevo unit as a defendant.

“It was only by misappropriating Cogenras proprietary technology, including its trade secrets and other intellectual property, that SolarCity and Silevo were later able to announce a claim that they set a new world record for solar panel energy efficiency,” Cogenra said in the complaint.

Khosla Ventures III LP, which owned about 80 percent of Cogenra from 2009 to 2015, is also a plaintiff in the case.

A SolarCity spokesman didnt immediately respond to an e-mail seeking comment on the lawsuit.

The case is Cogenra Solar Inc. v. SolarCity Corp., 16-cv-05481, U.S. District Court, Northern District of California (San Francisco).

Read more: http://www.bloomberg.com//news/articles/2016-09-26/musk-controlled-solarcity-sued-by-cogenra-and-khosla-ventures-itkp0ypx

Elon Musk teases Oct. 28 Tesla and SolarCity solar roof, Powerwall and charger reveal

Elon Musk is pumping up our expectations again: The Tesla CEO and founder said that hes planning an October 28, Bay area unveiling of Tesla and SolarCitys new solar roof product, which will be directly integrated with version 2.0 of the Teslas PowerWall solar storage battery for the home, as well a Tesla car charger.

That doesnt necessarily mean well see an unveiling on October 28; Musk has been known to miss deadlines in the past for announcements like this one. But it does confirm well soon see SolarCitys solar roofing product, which Musk previously teased on a conference call for the energy company where he acts as board chairman. It also will be our first full-scale look at version 2.0 of the Powerball, which Musk teased at an event in Paris earlier this year.

 

The integration across Tesla and SolarCitys products that Tesla hopes to show off here goes deeper than displaying a natural synergy between related companies Tesla is in the process of trying to acquire SolarCity. Its facing some opposition from shareholders, however, including multiple suits that could delay the closing of the deal.

The merger is important for Musks Master Plan: Part Deux, however, a vision of the future he revealed earlier this year that includes a fully self-sustaining solar-powered energy ecosystem that connects his zero emission goals between home and transportation. A demonstration of how the whole system will work together, and what kind of value it might offer potential customers, could help considerably in alleviating any remaining opposition to the union of Tesla and SolarCity.

Read more: https://techcrunch.com/2016/09/22/elon-musk-teases-oct-28-tesla-and-solarcity-solar-roof-powerwall-and-charger-reveal/

Battling the Energy Crisis: Gaza Strips Students Create Solar Car

The war-torn area of Gaza Strip has been a living hell for individuals. The shortage of resources, food, water and fundamental civils rights have actually paralyzed the economic situation and has actually asphyxiated the lifestyle of the Palestinians. They have actually been living under the miserable conditions for decades, however their fire as well as grit has continued to surprise the world. And also an additional story out of this heck on planet is of two engineering pupils that determined to take issues right into their own hands.

Pic Credits: xinhuanet

Pic Credits: xinhuanet

Like every various other commodity, Palestine has likewise been dealing with serious cuts and also shortfalls in power and also gas supply. Diesel, gas and power shortages have become the norm, bring about power outages as well as causing substantial transportation obstacles. 2 engineering students from Al-Azhar University Gaza, Jamal Al Miqaty and Khalid Al Bardawil have devised a solar-powered automobile which targets at pacifying the energy as well as transportation problems of the area simply a little.

Pic Credits: inhabitat

Photo Credits: inhabitat

The 23-year old pupils made and also successfully presented the model as part of their last year task. Solar energy cars are not a resourceful creation when concerning novelty, yet thinking about the working and living problems of the location, this is genuinely an exceptional task.

 Promotion Bardawil claimed, “We determined to depend on a power that God gave us, which is eco-friendly, alternative, and also tidy power. So we made a decision making a solar vehicle.”

Pic Credits: xinhuanet

Image Credits: xinhuanet

Producing a solar car in Gaza is not as straightforward as structure in any kind of other component of the world. The trainees had to work in a location with following to no sources, so they needed to improvise in every action of the means. As an example, in a standard solar cars and truck, DC electric motors required for numerous procedures, however these are not available in Gaza. So the trainees needed to adapt as well as utilize different motor as well as devices to operate in the auto.

Pic Credits: xinhuanet

Photo Credits: xinhuanet

Al-Azhar College’s speaker Mazen Abu Amer commended the effort and also hoped that this would stimulate individuals of Gaza to function on these kind of help yourself tasks. He said, “By developing this automobile we intended to introduce a model as some European universities did. We wished to spread recognition as well as the culture of utilizing solar power via these tasks. We made this job, and also it is the initial, very first in the Gaza Strip, to create a lorry fully which works on solar energy.”

Pic Credits: xinhuanet

Pic Credits: xinhuanet

The United Nations Workplace for the Sychronisation of Human being Affairs claims Gaza presently does not also get fifty percent of the 470 megawatts of electrical energy the area needs. So this innovation can be a breath of fresh air for individuals. Innovation to transform electric autos into solar ones can reduce the structure cost, and aid to provide some respite to those dealing with the energy situation dealt with by their community.Have any additional

details that we should include in this item? Allow us recognize in the remarks’area below!

 

California Breaks New Solar Record: Power For 6 Million Homes In One Day

An aerial photograph of the Solar One Energy Plant in the Mojave Desert Near Dagget

An aerial photograph of the Solar One Energy Plant in the Mojave Desert Near Dagget

Last Tuesday, the San Francisco Chronicle reported that the golden state created electrical energy for 6 million residences with its solar energy. The record-breaking number is almost two times that of what it produced two years back and is just counting the electricity created at power plants, out specific homes. The roofs are reported to create another 50 %of that number in addition to the 6 million.” There is just over 4,211 megawatts of roof solar in California,” claimed Steven Greenly of California ISO.” I can tell you we had a terrific solar day.” The

The state intends to produce a consistent 33 percent of it’s energy from renewables by 2020 everyday as well as this high outcome is a sign that we are virtually there. Last week, during the high outcome, the state produced 29% of it’s power from solar, wind, geothermal as well as hydro-electricity integrated. There is no indicator of decreasing.

“California is taking the lead, there is no doubt regarding it,” says state guv, Jerry Brown.

 

Source

http://complete-health-and-happiness.com/california-breaks-record-and-creates-solar-power-for-6-million-homes-in-one-day/

Tiny Home (Built in 4 Hours) is Completely Solar Powered

Source: kodasema

Source: kodasema

  If you have actually caught the tiny residence bug, you could desire to pay attention up! KODA is a small residence good for both a checking account and the atmosphere. Created by Estonian developers at Kodasema, KODA is”a tiny prefabricated home that can move with its home owners,”shared Inhabitat.  The home pictured above only takes four hours to assemble.

The portable home could be developed and be ready for disassembly in just four 4 hrs. The small structure is made primarily of concrete permitting the framework to be built without a foundation. The entire residence is powered completely by solar panels with “quadruple glazing as well as vacuum-insulated concrete wall surfaces” that diminish a high need for energy to keep a regular temperature.

Source: kodasema

Source: kodasema

Every one of the KODA devices are modular and also can be included in a larger living space. They can also be stacked on top of each various other. Each residence is 260 square-feet with an open flooring strategy that permits natural light to stream in. The cooking area, bathroom, and also loft bed room are kept near the top of the system for optimum personal privacy and are lit by LED lights. All of the systems could be connected to a water, sewage, and also electrical system, however it can be survived on “off the grid” for a short duration of time.

Source: kodasema

In our minds KODA can come to be whatever you desire: a city facility residence, a lakeside summer season house, a relaxing cafe, an office, workshop or workshop and even a classroom,”Kodasema shared.” Its smart style offers the ideas to earn finest use of every square inch of area and imagine exactly how the built-in parts, even the wall surfaces, can be adjusted to satisfy their purpose most efficiently.”

Source: kodasema

The units are selling for $ 95,000, yet they aren’t on the worldwide market yet. Look into much more on the KODA unit right here.

Astronomers Have Finally Discovered How The Solar Wind Changes

The Sun is continuously releasing a stream of charged particles known as the solar wind, which impacts the environment of worlds and is accountable for the auroras. The solar wind is a stream of positive or negative particles released from the higher atmosphere of the a star, such as our sun.

How the solar wind is actually created has actually not been precisely clear. Near the Sun, in the solar corona, the wind is structured in unique rays. When it reaches our planet it is an unstable circulation, simply like air wind. Astronomers were lastly able to image the edge of the Sun’s environment and take a look at how and why the solar wind modifications.

The research study, provided in the Astrophysical Journal, was possible thanks to NASAs Solar Terrestrial Relations Observatory (STEREO). In the Sun’s upper environment, the electromagnetic field of the Sun is the controlling force that structures the solar wind, however as it moves far from our star, internal forces end up being more vital.

“As you go further from the Sun, the magnetic field strength drops faster than the pressure of the material does,” stated Craig DeForest, lead author of the paper and a solar physicist at the Southwest Research Institute in Boulder, Colorado in a declaration .

“Eventually, the product begins to act more like a gas, and less like a magnetically structured plasma.”

The scientists compare the split of the charged particles rays to how water shootsout from a pipe. The circulation of water is very first smooth and combined in a stream, however it then burglarizes smaller sized and smaller sized beads till it becomes a mist.

This gif reveals the computer-processed information of the solar wind as it leaves the Corona. Craig DeForest et al.

Scientists have actually long believed that the magnetic forces was accountable for forming the edge of the solar corona, however really observing it was extremely difficult. To picture this area, the scientists utilized sunshine spread on the electrons in the solar wind. Since this light is 100 times less intense than background sources, this was exceptionally hard.

This newly found understanding is essential. The solar wind forms the area environment from the Sun all the method beyond Pluto. We require to comprehend it well if we hope to check out the Solar System.

“Now, we have a worldwide photo of solar wind development,” stated Nicholeen Viall, a co-author of the paper and a solar researcher at NASA’s Goddard Space Flight. “This is actually going to alter our understanding of how the area environment cultivates.”

STEREOs work is likewise notifying the next generation of Sun observatories, particularly Solar Probe Plus , which is going to fly straight into the solar corona in 2018.

Read more: http://www.iflscience.com/space/astronomers-have-finally-discovered-how-the-solar-wind-changes/

Musk Talked Merger With SolarCity CEO Before Sale of Stock

It was February when Elon Musk recommended to his cousin that they combine their business, Tesla Motors Inc. and SolarCity Corp.– 3 months prior to the electric-car maker offered $1.4 billion in stock in a secondary offering and 4 months prior to Musk made a public marital relationship proposition.

Musk, Teslas ceo and SolarCitys chairman and biggest investor, had the conversation with SolarCity CEO Lyndon Rive at some point prior to Teslas board was informed on the concept on Feb. 29, according to a file submitted with the Securities and Exchange Commission Wednesday.

What the filing reveals is that Tesla directors had actually thought about the knowledge of a union with the economically having a hard time SolarCity when the business made its May stock offering, however didnt let purchasers understand such an offer may be coming. Tesla decreased to comment beyond the filing.

We are worried that the merger is not being worked out in the very best interests of investors, and this absence of openness deepens those concerns, stated Dieter Waizenegger, executive director of the CtW Investment Group, which represents union-sponsored pension funds that holds Tesla shares. Tesla ought to have most likely revealed the prospective merger prior to its secondary offering. By refraining from doing so, the business is raising unpleasant concerns that show why higher responsibility and self-reliance is required at the board level.

Cash Needs

The possibility of integrating the business has actually been questionable, with some investors in such opposition that they offered their stock. Tesla fell more than 10 percent on June 22, the very first trading day after Musk revealed the strategy, now valued at $2.3 billion, which he called a no brainer.

An issue amongst experts is that SolarCity, that makes and sets up solar-power systems, burns through money and had $3.35 billion in financial obligation at the end of June. Tesla likewise invests a lot, as it attempts to money brand-new vehicles like the Model 3 sedan, billed as the business initially mass-market automobile. In Wednesdays submitting, Tesla restated strategies to raise more capital this year, which it might require as quickly as 2017.

It wouldnt shock me if they raised $2 billion, stated Charlie Anderson, an expert with Dougherty & & Co.

Some of the fund-raising will go to support SolarCity, which seems in requirement of money, Brian Johnson, an expert at Barclays, stated in a note. The timing of the filing– coming prior to completion of the go-shop duration– and the story around SCTYs short-term funding requirements and absence of other purchasers reveals the seriousness of closing rapidly, he composed.

Tesla shares on Wednesday got 0.3 percent, the most in more than a week, to $212.01. They have actually lost practically 12 percent this year through Wednesday. SolarCity slipped 0.1 percent to $20.66, bringing its year-to-date fall to 60 percent.

Another Cousin

SolarCitys primary innovation officer is another cousin, Peter Rive, bro of the CEO. The concept for the business was hatched throughout a journey he, Musk and Lyndon Rive made to the Burning Man arts celebration in the Nevada desert more than a years back.

The February conversation in between Musk and Lyndon Rive was explained in the file as top-level, conceptual, with the 2 discussing possible item offerings.

The filing does not define whether that discussion was prior to or after Musks Feb. 12 purchase of nearly 570,000 shares of SolarCity for a typical rate of about $17.56, which brought his holdings to about 21.8 million shares.

On Feb. 29, Tesla Chief Financial Officer Jason Wheeler made a discussion to the board about initial factors to consider connected to item and functional synergies that might originate from a SolarCity tie-up, according to the filing. The board chose at the time not to examine the proposal, due to the fact that it may pull Tesla far from continuous work, like the ramp-up of the Model X.

On May 31– simply 13 days after the secondary stock offering was revealed– the board guided management to examine the tactical reasoning of an acquisition of SolarCity or other prospective acquisition targets in the solar-energy market. In the very same conference, the board informed management to utilize Wachtell, Lipton, Rosen & & Katz as unique outdoors counsel for a legal analysis connecting to a possible deal. Evercore Partners was generated later on as a monetary consultant.

Probably Compliant

Since the board chose not to continue its assessment of a handle February, its most likely in compliance with securities laws, stated James Cox, a teacher at Duke University School of Law. Provided the timing of the stock offering and the statement of the offer, there might be concerns about whether Tesla must have divulged the truth that a merger was a possibility, Cox stated.

A two-person committee of the SolarCity board authorized Teslas all-stock offer, offering 0.11 Tesla shares for each SolarCity share. Musk has actually stated he and Antonio Gracias– likewise a member of both boards– would recuse themselves from voting on the takeover quote. JB Straubel, Teslas CTO, is likewise a SolarCity director and recused himself from ballot.

Musk has actually long consisted of solar power as part of his vision for Tesla, stating in his very first so-called master strategy in 2006 that the goal was to accelerate the worlds move from a mine-and-burn hydrocarbon economy to a solar electrical economy. In his 2nd master strategy, provided in July, he stated he wished to develop an efficiently incorporated and stunning solar-roof-with-battery item that simply works, empowering the specific as their own energy. To do that, we have to break and integrate down the barriers fundamental to being different business.

Investments by the 3 cousins have actually likewise raised eyebrows. Musk purchased $65 countless SolarCitys bonds and the Rives each purchased $17.5 million, according to a filing recently. That indicates that if Tesla finishes its merger with SolarCity, it might wind up assisting to support the money position of the business and enhance the potential customers of financial obligation that is held by Musk and his cousins. In addition, Musks carefully held Space Exploration Technologies Corp. purchased $ 90 million of SolarCity bonds in 2015 and once again this March.

Given those comfortable connections and the money burn at SolarCity, Tesla dangers investor reaction, stated Charles Elson, director of the University of Delawares John L. Weinberg Center for Corporate Governance.

Its among these scenarios where it might be OKAY on the legal front, however divulging this will most likely result in some dissatisfied investors, Elson stated. This is not something you hope would take place.

Read more: http://www.bloomberg.com//news/articles/2016-08-31/musk-talked-merger-with-solarcity-ceo-before-tesla-stock-sale

Solar becoming more affordable this year?

Scientific American American. The set up cost of solar power has actually decreased substantially in recent times as plan and market forces have driven a growing number of solar installations.Now, the most up to date data program that the ongoing reduction in solar costs is unlikely to reduce anytime soon, with total set up rates coming by 5 percent for rooftop household systems, as well as 12 percent for bigger utility-scale solar ranches. With solar already accomplishing record-low costs, the expense decrease observed in 2015 shows that the coming years will likely see utility-scale solar become price affordable with traditional types of electricity generation.A complete analysis of the continuous decrease in solar costs could be found in two different Lawrence Berkeley National Lab Reports: Tracking the Sun IX concentrates on installed prices trends in the dispersed roof solar market while Utility-Scale Solar 2015 concentrates on large-scale solar ranches that sell bulk power to the grid.Put together, the records reveal that all categories of solar have seen considerably declining expenses given that 2010. Moreover, bigger solar installments continually vanquished their smaller sized counterparts when it pertains to the mounted price each rated Watt of solar creating ability (or $/ WDC).

The mounted rate of solar in bucks each watt of rated generation ability has declined substantially throughout all categories given that 2010(Credit: LBNL)The installed cost includes every little thing should obtain a solar power system working: the panels, the power electronic devices, the placing hardware as well as the installment itself. The ongoing decline in complete installed cost is significant considering that the cost of the solar panels (or modules) themselves has remained fairly flat since 2012. This indicates that the decrease in installed expense observed considering that 2012 was largely brought on by a decline in the price of the inverters that transform the DC power created by solar panels to Air Conditioner power for the grid and various other “soft” costs such as customer procurement, system style, installment, and allowing.
While the overall set up price of solar has actually remained to decline, the rate of the solar panels or components themselves has actually continued to be relatively flat since 2012, indicating a decline in non-module costs. Both records also worry the fact that while the typical price of solar has actually declined, there is still substantial irregularity in the price of both rooftop as well as utility-scale solar installments. As an example, among residential systems set up in 2015, the least expensive 20 percent of systems cost less compared to $3.30 each Watt while one of the most pricey 20 percent cost greater than $5.00 each Watt. Likewise, the most inexpensive 20 percent of utility-scale systems marketed for much less compared to $1.60 per Watt while one of the most pricey 20 percent expense over $2.60 per Watt. The factor is that economical solar in one location doesn’t necessarily indicate economical solar almost everywhere. The installed price still differs a lot.Perhaps one of the most intriguing item of data to come out in the most up to date Lawrence Berkeley National Lab reports is the trend in the price of solar energy purchase arrangements or PPAs. These rates show the rate spent for long-term contracts for the bulk purchase of solar electrical power. The newest data show that the 2015 solar PPA price fell below$50 each megawatt-hour( or 5 cents per kilowatt-hour)in four of the 5 regions evaluated. In the power sector, the guideline for the average market value of power has to do with $30 to$40 each megawatt-hour– so solar is poised to match the cost of conventional power generation if costs remain to decline.
The rate paid for lasting solar power acquisition contract (PPA) contracts in 2015 dropped below $50 each megawatt-hour in four of the five areas assessed

LBNL) Moving forward, the decreasing rate of solar across all classifications demonstrated by the most current Lawrence Berkeley National Lab reports combined with the extension of the federal renewable power financial investment tax obligation credit rating as a result of 2019 need to drive a continued expansion of the United States solar market and also much more positive business economics in the next few years. It will definitely be fascinating to see exactly what kind of market dynamic develops as solar strategies the oblique point where it becomes a lot more cost-effective than traditional forms of power generation.

Source

http://www.salon.com/2016/09/09/renewables-more-affordable-the-price-of-solar-is-declining-to-unprecedented-lows_partner/

Solar Energy DYI Tips You Can Start Using Today

Everyone is looking for ways to save money, and producing your own energy with solar power can really help you do so. However, solar energy is a complicated subject, and it can be hard to know how to get started. The following advice will get you started on the right foot.

How many panels you have in place and their efficiency will determine output. Therefore, it’s important that you calculate the number of solar panels you will need to power your home. It could work out that you’ll want the high efficiency panels to decrease the number of panels you’ll need.

Do your own research and find out if there are any rebates available for adding a solar system to your home. There are many local, state and federal programs that offer rebates for installing solar power in your home. Also check to see if you are eligible for tax incentives as well.

Do not be discouraged at the cost of starting solar energy. You may find it pricy to get the products you need for setting up a solar energy system. But, you will find a much cheaper electric bill every month, paying off the initial start up cost and then some.

If you’re building your own home, then this is an excellent time for you to consider solar energy. Solar energy might be the most modern thing in producing energy, and it has almost no effect on the environment. There is no better time to investigate the benefits of solar energy.

Solar water heaters have been around for hundreds of years. For over 50 years people have been using them to heat everything inside and outside the home. Over the years, these solar water heating systems have become much more efficient. If you are located in sunny areas of the country, you should look into buying a solar water system.

If you lease solar panels to save the upfront costs, check the contract for the possibility of transferring the lease. If you sell your home or building that panels are installed in within the lease period, you want to be able to legally transfer the lease to the new owners of the property.

Always look for a good and qualified contractor to install your solar system. Just because you are having a new technology installed on your home, does not mean that you should look for new contractors. The type of work is very specialized and having a quality contractor with a proven track record is critical to having your system installed properly

Use solar panels to benefit your home in ways other than lighting. Solar energy provides a great deal of heat, which can be harnessed to heat water or other items in your home. This all means, therefore, that having a solar system could make a big difference (or even completely eliminate! your utility bills.

Determine what the most cost effective ways to implement solar energy are. For example, most solar energy systems can only provide a portion of the energy needed to run a heating system. However, they may be able to fully power a home’s water heating system. These types of facts can help you make the right decisions.

Try installing the solar panels yourself if you have the capabilities. If you have the experience, understanding, and tools required to work with these panels, you can save some of the expenses by installing them yourself. Alone or with a friend, the job isn’t that complicated and is well-worth the money you save in the end.

Most Americans are frustrated by the cost of their electric bill and how it continues to grow each year. Children often forget to turn off or unplug not needed items which can greatly affect your energy bill. Adopting solar energy may be just what your family needs to finally save more money every month.

If you are thinking about installing solar panels in your home, it is very important that you purchase them from a reputable company. With solar power becoming so popular, there are a number of new businesses popping up all the time. Be sure and deal with a company that you can trust.

Particularly if you plan to sell your home someday, it is important to keep in mind that a solar-powered residence is very attractive to buyers. Therefore, purchasing such a system will generally help you command a higher selling price. This is because, as time goes on, our society is becoming more and more driven to find eco-friendly solutions to everyday problems.

Before making a final decision on solar energy equipment, find out what sort of incentives are offered in your area for using alternative energy sources. You should contact your local authorities and ask them if there is a rebate or some sort of other incentive for using solar energy sources.

If there is a small shadow cast upon your solar panels, this can reduce your panels’ efficiency This means your panels’ efficiency relies on its location. Reducing the number of shadows or cutting back some trees may improve the panels’ efficiency.

It’s easy to forget all about your solar energy panels, but if you want to get the most out of your solar energy panels and to extend their life, be sure to keep them clean. If you don’t take the time to provide maintenance on a regular basis, your solar panels will work less and less efficiently as time passes. Dust builds up and blocks the sun! It’s as simple as that, so be sure to schedule a weekly wash-down to keep your solar energy panels sparkling clean so you can keep on saving money and energy.

When installing your solar power system, take the time to do a whole house assessment of your energy needs. If you are interested in solar power, you are likely interested in finding green solutions that are economical and allow you to conserve power. By doing a whole house assessment, you can gauge where you can make simple changes that can reduce your power usage.

Once you know a little more about solar energy, you will realize how much money you can save by installing solar panels. Doing so does not have to be a complicated or overly expensive process. Just use the advice you have read here to get started using solar power right away.